Studies and Publications

Studies and publications on women in politics

Fondation Robert Schuman: 8 March Journée de la Femme, Toutes les données sur la place des femmes en Europe Depuis plusieurs années, la Fondation Robert Schuman, sous l’autorité de Pascale Joannin, sa Directrice générale, tient à jour toutes les statistiques sur la parité en Europe dans les domaines politiques (gouvernements, parlements nationaux, parlement européen) et économiques. Dans cette publication vous trouverez en avant-première des chiffres actualisés et une carte dans la perspective de la journée internationale de la femme le 8 mars 2009.

Council of Europe:  “Sex-disaggregated statistics on the participation of women and men in political and public decision-making in Council of Europe member states” (Situation as at 1 September 2008) The document contains statistics on the participation of women and men in political and public decision-making in Council of Europe member states. The statistics cover the areas of the legislative, executive and judicial powers, diplomatic service and the Council of Europe.

European Commission report, January 2009:  “Women in European politics – time for action”. This report by the European Commission analyses the under-representation of women in decision-making at all levels in the European Union. It examines why it has been difficult to break down the barriers hindering women to enter political decision-making in the EU. It also briefly discusses the gender balance in some other areas such as business and public administration.

World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report 2008
November 2008 – The annual Global Gender Gap Report published by the World Economic Forum measures the size of the gender gap in four critical areas of inequality between men and women, decision-making being one of them. According to the 2008 Report Norway leads the efforts to close the gender gap, followed by Finland, Sweden and Iceland.

Progress of the World’s Women 2008/2009 – Politics
September 2008 – Study by United Nationas Development Fund for Women finds that women have entered politics in greater numbers than ever in the past decade, accounting for 18.4 percent of parliament members worldwide. The proportion of women has increased by seven percentage points since 1995.

EP study: “Electoral Gender Quota Systems and Their Implementation in Europe
September 2008 – The report maps the diffusion of gender quotas in Europe and lists the many different types of quotas in use. The arguments for and against quotas are studied, and the implementation and effect of gender quotas are scrutinized.

Equality in Politics: A Survey of Women in Parliaments
April 2008 – The new publication by Inter-Parliamentary Union collects insights from both women and men parliamentarians into what shapes decision making. The survey finds that different factors affect the entry of women and men into politics and that women and men have different interests in and perspectives on life which in turn shape their work in the parliament.

European Commission report on Women and Men in Decision-Making 2007 – Analysis of the situation and trends
January 2008 – This report aims to raise awareness in relation to issues related to women in decision-making and presents an assessement of the current situation.

Designing for Equality: Best-fit, Medium-fit and Non-favorable Combinations of Electoral Systems and Gender Quotas
March 2007 – This Study by International IDEA provides an overview of how electoral systems function with different kinds of quotas for women. It assesses how women’s representation can be increased under different combinations of electoral systems and quotas. This publication aims to serve as a reference tool for all those who work to increase women’s representation in politics.

Women in Parliament – Beyond Numbers
2005 – This Handbook by International IDEA covers the ground of women’s access to the legislature in three steps: It looks into the obstacles women confront when entering Parliament, it presents solutions to overcome these obstacles, and it details strategies for women to influence politics once they are elected to parliament, an institution which is traditionally male dominated.

Information on European elections

Citizens and the 2009 European Elections
October 2008 – Special Eurobarometer on the “2009 European elections” covers the 27 European Union Member States. The study assesses the interest of European citizens in the European elections, the likelihood of voting in these elections, the voting criteria of Europeans for the 2009 elections and the themes that Europeans want to see at the centre of the election
campaign.

European Elections: Outlook for 2009
August 2008 – Voter turnout has consistently fallen since the first European Elections held thirty years ago, calling into question the ability of EU politicians to reverse the trend for the 2009 elections. This article by Euractiv deals with the main issues of the upcoming European elections and discusses the reasons and remedies for the declining voter turnout.

Other relevant publications on the European Elections

European Parliament publication: The European Elections: EU Legislation, National Provisions and Civic Participation
From the study abstract: “This study describes both the European framework and national provisions on electoral procedures in the Member States of the European Union[.] For each country the most important legal provisions, the electoral system and some outcomes of past elections – such as participation of citizens from other Member States – are presented. The document also provides information sources for further study of national regulations.”

From the UK House of Commons Library, International Affairs and Defence Section (Author: Vaughne Miller): 2009 European Parliament Elections: parties, polls and recent developments
This Note looks at the EC Treaty base for the elections, public views and voter turnout, and European political groups and parties.

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